Dominican Republic – A Brief Introduction
The Dominican Republic, a country of the Hispaniola Island is the second largest island in the Caribbean region. It is neighbor to the nation of Haiti, the only other country on the island. The Dominican Republic was inhabited by the Tainos since the 7th century and was conquered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. This was the time when the European settled in Santo Domingo, the current capital of Dominican Republic. The island saw enslavement, starvation, torture, and forced labor under the Spanish rule.
When the French landed on the island of Hispaniola in 1795, there was utter confusion all over the island. The Spanish were successful in removing Frenchmen from Saint-Domingue, which later in 1804 became independent with the name of Haiti, while France ruled the eastern Santo Domingo region.
After around three centuries of Spanish and French rule over the island, the nation got its independence in 1821 under a colonial judge’s rule. However, Haitians again conquered the region. In 1844, the country got complete freedom from foreign rule and was declared the Dominican Republic. The country was under the rule of many tyrants for several years and finally got its democracy in 1978.
At present, the Dominican Republic is the largest tourist destination in the region of the Caribbean. The natural beauty in combination with extremely peaceful weather is a blessing to the nation. The tourists are mainly attracted to its mesmerizing beauty and the golf courses that are available throughout the year. Also, the highest mountain of the Caribbean, Pico Duarte, is located in this nation. The largest lake of the island, Lake Enriquillo, is also a part of the Dominican Republic. The average temperature of the country is 26 degree Celsius and the rich culture of the citizens is full of music and sports. Due to the huge numbers of tourist visits on this land, this area is developing at a very fast pace.
Facts of the Dominican Republic
The official name of the neighbor nation of Haiti is the Dominican Republic with a population of 9,378,818, reported according to the 2010 census. The latitude and longitude of the region are reported to be 19 degrees 00N, 70 degrees 40 W. The capital city and the most developed area of the country is Santo Domingo comprising of a population of 3,014,000 according to a 2007 census. The total land area is 48,442 km. The highest point of the country is Pico Duarte, which is also the highest point in the whole of the Caribbean region and it measures 10, 417 ft. The official language of the area is Spanish and the official currency is Dominican Peso. Most of the population is Catholic by religion.
The Dominican Republic, which is the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola, has a mountainous region towards the central and western regions and lowlands towards the eastern part. The lower peak mountains are all in the Haiti region over the Southwestern border of the island. The western region experiences a tropical climate whereas the southeastern areas feature dry weather with less vegetation. The largest rivers of the country are Yaque Del Norte and River Yuna. Many other small rivers and streams flow across the country.